Portraits from Ellis Island

12 Portraits of Ellis Island Immigrants

12 million people of every nationality imaginable passed through the doors of Ellis Island. The building opened in 1892, but five years later burned completely to the ground. A larger building was constructed to process 5,000 immigrants per day. On April 17th, 1907 11,747 immigrants were processed.

People fled to America because of war, famine and lack of opportunity. In certain cases entire villages of people packed up and moved – bringing their customs, cuisines and cultures.

The portraits in this series were taken by Augustus Sherman. Sherman worked as a clerk at Ellis Island from 1892 to 1925.

From the New York Public Library.

Lewis Hine’s Newsies

The industrial boom and labor shortage that grew in the wake of World War I left manufacturers turning to an unexploited and growing workforce: children. According to the 1900 census about one in six children between the ages of five and ten were “gainfully employed.”

A sentiment grew among the American public that children were being robbed of their future and education.  The National Child Labor Committee was founded in 1904. Four years later, a 34 year-old photographer named Lewis Hine was hired to document children working in factories, mills and newspaper companies across the country. Hine worked for nearly ten years with the NCLC to expose child labor. And perhaps his most iconic and enigmatic subjects were the newsies.

In Charles Loring Brac’s 1866 book ”Short Sermons to News Boys, With a History of the Formation of the News Boys’ Lodging House,” he describes a scene:

“I remember one cold night seeing some 10 or a dozen of the little homeless creatures piled together to keep each other warm beneath the stairway of The Sun office. There used to be a mass of them also at The Atlas office, sleeping in the lobbies, until the printers drove them away by pouring water on them. One winter, an old burnt-out safe lay all the season in Wall Street, which was used as a bedroom by two boys who managed to crawl into the hole that had been burnt. I was often amused at the accounts of their various lodgings.”

The weight of what these children often endured – homelessness, exploitation and horrific working conditions – adds to the already incredible quality of the photographs. The expressions on the faces of the children in Hine’s photographs are as endearing as they are diverse. Some look awkward, shy and innocent – unsure of the encounter, while others stare directly, confidently, and indignantly at Hine’s camera.


1910. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “Group of Nashville newsies. In middle of group is 7-year-old Sam. Smart and profane. He sells nights also. Location: Nashville, Tennessee.”
1910. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “Some of the youngest newsies hanging around the paper office after school. Location: Buffalo, New York (State).”
1910. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “11:00 A.M. Monday May 9th, 1910. Newsies at Skeeter’s Branch, Jefferson near Franklin. They were all smoking. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.”
1910. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “Johnnie Burns a newsie who sells on Grand Avenue. 9 years old. Father says he is uncontrollable. May 9th, 1910. Father also said his 4 yr. old. twins would be selling soon. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.”
1910. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “Boy named Gurley. An eight year old newsie. 18th & Washington Sts. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.”
1910. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “Newsies in the paper alley, getting afternoon editions. Location: Rochester, New York (State).”
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1910. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “The Slein boys. Meyer Slein (12 yrs. old) his brother Abe (10 years old) who has just returned from Industrial School (Reform School). Another brother is in the School. Show effects of street life and are Juvenile Court boys. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.”
1908. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “A Pool Room Branch (Chouteau & Manchester). These boys were playing pool and smoking in the Pool Room while waiting for papers. The smallest boy is 9 years old and sells until 9 P.M. (See also 1350, 1351 & 1352.) Location: St. Louis, Missouri.”
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1910. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “Truants like these may be found most any day between 11 & 12 A.M. Jefferson St. near Washington. May 5, 1910. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.”
1908. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “One of The Newsies at The Newsboys’ Picnic, Cincinnati. Location: Cincinnati, Ohio.”
1908. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “.”
1910. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “11:00 A. M . Monday, May 9th, 1910. Newsies at Skeeter’s Branch, Jefferson near Franklin. They were all smoking. Location: St. Louis, Missouri..”
1908. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “”Livers” a young newsie. Location: St. Louis, Missouri..”
1908. Photograph by Lewis Hine. “Two 7 year old Nashville newsies, profane and smart, selling Sunday. Location: Nashville, Tennessee.”