Russian Empire: In Color

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1909. “Ostrechiny. Study.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.
20 Historic Photographs by Prokudin-Gorskiĭ of the Russian Empire

Between 1909-1915 Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ traveled and photographed throughout the Russian Empire. The images he took show a country before communist revolution and the first world war. The series was taken by Prokudin-Gorskii as part of a survey of the russian empire facilitated by Nicholas II, the last Emperor of Russia. Jeremy Adamson and Helena Zinkham in The Prokudin-Gorskii Legacy: Color Photographs of the Russian Empire, 1905-1915, write about the project’s inception:

At precisely 8:30 p.m., Nicholas II and the Tsarina, accompanied by their older daughters and members of the imperial household, entered the room, greeted the photographer, and arranged themselves on chairs set in front of the projection booth. The very first image produced a murmur of approval from the Tsar and as the show progressed, the audience’s delight increased audibly. At intermission, Nicholas II asked what he intended to do with his work. After outlining various projects, including “The Splendors of Russia,” Prokudin-Gorskii added, “Perhaps it would be of interest to Your Majesty to see from time to time the real Russia and its ancient monuments, or the colors of the diverse nature of our great Motherland.” The Tsar assured him he would, and S.V. Rukhlov, Minister of Transportation, soon issued the requisite papers to facilitate his travels throughout the empire.

Prokudin-Gorksii was a pioneer of early color photography. He refined a process that used three black and white glass negatives taken with red, green and blue filters in quick succession. A three lens projector was then used to display the negatives, resulting in the simulated full-color images in the series below. Vintage Photographs on Photistoric.

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1915. “Group. (Myself with two others, Murman).” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1905-1915. “On the Ordezh River near the Siverskaia Station, Saint Petersburg province.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1905-1915. “On the island of Capri.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1915. “Studies on Lindozero.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1910. “Forest.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1910. “Successive steps in the production of knives and forks. Polishing and engraving.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1909. “Reserve girders.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1910. “Molding of an artistic casting.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1910. “Three generations. A.P. Kalganov with son and granddaughter. The last two work in the shops of the Zlatoust plant.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1909. “Pinkhus Karlinskii. Eighty-four years [old]. Sixty-six years of service. Supervisor of Chernigov floodgate.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1909. “Cornflowers in a field of rye.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1909. “Peasant girls.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1909. “Crew of the steamship “Sheksna” of the M.P.S.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1909. “On the deckhouse of the steamboat “Sheksna” of the M.P.S.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1905-1915. “Details of Milan Cathedral.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1909. “Rafts on the Peter the Great Canal. City of Shlisselburg.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1915. “Group of railroad construction participants.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1905-1915. “Head study.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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1909. “Chapel on Olga hill.” Photograph by Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ.

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How to Batch-Automate Image Tasks in Adobe Photoshop

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Knowing how to automate changes to multiple images in Photoshop is essential. Cropping, or white-balance correcting a folder full of images one-by-one is tedious and unnecessary. This photography tutorial will go through Photoshop Actions, and the Automate-Batch feature to automate the same operations for an infinite number of images. Tutorials on Photstoric.

Step 1: Make a Working Copy

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Open the folder that contains the files to edit. Create a copy of one of the files in the folder. This file will be your dummy or maquette for making changes.

Step 2: Create an Action

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Select Window – Actions. Then click the Create New Action button. Actions are saved series of Photoshop operations so that common or complex steps can be accessed later or used for automated tasks.

Step 3: Name Action

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Enter a descriptive name for the action.

Step 4: Record Action

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After creating a new action, the red record button will now be active. Every operation made will be recorded in the action. In this tutorial, the image has been resized to 700 pixels wide and the image has been toned. Any combination of operations and effects can be applied.

Step 5: Flatten Layers

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After every operation has been completed, flatten all the layers so that the image will save as a jpeg. If you started with psd file and you want to keep the layers, don’t flatted them.

Step 6: Save & Close the Image

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Saving the image while still recording the action will allow Photoshop to quickly run through each image in the Batch without a save dialog box popping up for each image. Also, close the image while still recording for the same reason.

Step 7: Stop Recording Action

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Stop recording the action by clicking the square stop button. No further operations will be saved and the action will be complete. If an operation was missed, delete any steps and begin recording where the mistake was made.

Step 8: Delete the Working Copy

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Delete the working file copy that the action was preformed on in the folder of images.

Step 9: Open the Batch Automater

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Under file, click Automate then Batch.

Step 10: Batch Automater Settings

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Match the settings in the above images. Choose the action set and the specific action. The source is folder, and choose the folder with the images. Be careful that only the images you want changed are in the folder. If you’re worried, create a copy of the entire folder to run automater on.

Step 12: Run the Automator

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Press OK and the automator will begin quickly running the action on every image in the folder.

Conclusion

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Using Automate – Batch is the fastest way to make the same changes to multiple images in Photoshop. It is an enormously powerful tool, and will speed up any photographers work flow.

For other automate questions, please post on the Digital Editing Forum. Requests and suggestions are encouraged for future tutorial topics and should be submitted to the Requests topic.

Minnesota Loggers

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1937. “Old lumberjack, over seventy and still working at camp near Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.
15 historic photographs by Russell Lee of Lumberjacks in Minnesota.

Minnesota’s history is synonymous with logging. In 1937, Russell lee traveled to lumber camps in rural Minnesota. Writing to Lee, a friend and fellow photographer said of International Falls Minnesota that as “one of the toughest towns on the border, it is a meeting place of Lumberman, indian traders, trappers, smugglers, immigration and refugee smugglers, and so on. They used to kill a man every morning before breakfast and one just before supper, just for amusement.” The following images were taken by Lee when he was employed by the Farm Security Administration. Vintage Photographs on Photistoric.

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1937. “Camp cook blowing dinner horn, at camp near Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Loaders pushing logs into place while loading car, lumbercamp near Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937.”Operators of the loading machine at logging camp near Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Construction of stalls and barn at logging camp near Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Partially-loaded car of lumber near Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Going into the woods for another load. Logging camp near Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Lumberjack turning handspring near Littlefork, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Lumberjack with bandaged head after being beaten up and “rolled” in a saloon on Saturday night in Craigsville, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. ” Lumberjack at Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Lumberjacks in front of the Durman Hotel, Little Fork, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Lumberjack waiting for load of logs to be pulled away near Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Loading logs onto railroad car near Effie, Minnesota.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

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1937. “Old resident of Margie, Minnesota. A former lumberjack.” Photograph by Russell Lee.

The 1940s: In Color

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1942. “Shepherd with his horse and dog on Gravelly Range, Madison County, Montana.” Photograph by Russell Lee.
17 Historic Photographs of the Greatest Generation.

The 1940s were perhaps the most tumultuous decade in modern American and world history. The United States officially entered World War II in 1942. Countries were restructured and the atrocities of the atomic bomb and the holocaust caused millions of deaths. Isreal was established, as was the United Nations and the NATO forces.

A generation that had just begun to pull away from the Great Depression, now had to prepare for a massive war that took resources and labor away from its country’s depleted coffers. In place of the male workforce, women stepped in at the factories and offices. Photographers from the soon-to-be defunct Farm Security Administration documented war preparations and the new female workforce.

Some of the images during that time were taken on color film. All of the following images are in color and provide an immediacy that is not present in black and white photography. Vintage photographs on Photistoric.

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1943. “Workers leaving Pennsylvania shipyards, Beaumont, Texas.” Photograph by John Vachon.

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1943. “Operating a hand drill at Vultee-Nashville, woman is working on a “Vengeance” dive bomber, Tennessee.” Photograph by Alfred T Palmer.

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1942. “Gus Worke, a farmer who came from Germany 40 years ago, Southington, Conn..” Photograph by Fenno Jacobs.

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1942. “‘Women in white’ doctor Navy planes (motors) at the Naval Air Base, Corpus Christi, Texas. Mildred Webb, an NYA trainee at the base, is learning to operate a cutting machine in the Assembly and Repair Department. After about eight weeks as an apprentice she will be eligible for a civil service job in the capacity for which she has been trained.” Photograph by Howard R. Hollem.

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1943. “Women workers employed as wipers in the roundhouse having lunch in their rest room, C. & N.W. R.R., Clinton, Iowa.” Photograph by Jack Delano.

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1943. “C. & N.W. R.R., Mrs. Marcella Hart, mother of three children, employed as a wiper at the roundhouse, Clinton, Iowa.” Photograph by Jack Delano.

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1943. “Night view of part of Santa Fe R.R. yard, Kansas City, Kansas.” Photograph by Jack Delano.

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1943. “Daniel Senise throwing a switch while at work in an Indiana Harbor Belt Line railroad yard.” Photograph by Jack Delano.

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1943. “Camouflage class at N[ew] Y[ork] University, where men and women are preparing for jobs in the Army or in industry, New York, N.Y. This model has been camouflaged and photographed. The girl is correcting oversights detected in the camouflaging of a model defense plant.” Photograph by Marjory Collins.

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1943. “A view looking northeast from the fire tower manned by Barbara Mortensen, a fire and airplane lookout on Pine Mountain, Gorham vicinity, N.H.” Photograph by John Collier.

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1941-1942. “Houses and factories.” Unknown Photographer.

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1941-1942. “Christmas trees and wreaths in store window display.” Unknown Photographer.

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1942. “Tomato crates at the Yauco cooperative tomato growers’ association, Puerto Rico.” Photograph by Jack Delano.

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1941. “Farm Security Administration borrower plowing his garden with one of the few plows used on the island, vicinity of Frederiksted, St. Croix, Virgin Islands.” Photograph by Jack Delano.

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1941. “‘Backstage’ at the ‘girlie’ show at the Vermont state fair, Rutland. Photograph by Jack Delano.

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1940. “Men reading headlines posted in street-corner of Brockton Enterprise newspaper office, Brockton, Mass.” Photograph by Jack Delano.

Circus

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1905. “The daring ride of Mrs. Eunice (Winkless) Padfield, July 4th 1905.” Photograph by Holmboe, C.E.
14 Historic Photographs of the Circus.

The world’s first circus took place in ancient Rome. The final incarnation of this “Circus Maximus” could seat 250,000 people and included chariot races, staged battles, acrobats and more. The circus saw its public popularity peak in modern times with the promotion of the Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Circus founded in 1909 (some of the images in this series show subjects of the Ringling Brothers Circus.)The circus continues to be popular today. Contemporary shows such as Cirque du Soleil, whose estimated annual revenue now exceeds $810 million, have been immensely successful. Smaller circus companies are seeing similar revivals across the world. Vintage photographs on Photistoric.

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1914. “Work horses of Ringling Bros. Circus.” Unknown Photographer.

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1937. “Ride ’em cowboy. Washington, D.C., March 11. Cast as hard-riding cowgirls, Agnes Doherty, (on horse) niece of Senator Joseph C. O’Mahoney, and Cuyler Schwartz, daughter of Senator H.H. Schwartz of Wyoming, will take a prominent part in the society circus to be held at Fort Myer, Va., late this month. Proceeds from the show will be given to charity, 3/11/1937.” Photograph by Harris & Ewing.

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1913. “Preparing for Circus Week – Madison Sq. Garden.” Photograph by Bain News Service.

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1913. “Interior of Madison Square Garden, New York City, preparing for circus week.” Photograph by Bain News Service.

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1910-1915. “Jack Barrett with Barnum.” Photograph by Bain News Service.

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1924. “Teddy Roosevelt, 3d, at circus.” Photograph by Bain News Service.

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1924. “Society circus, 4/23/24.” Unknown Photographer.

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1910-1915. “Coney Island, A Free Show.” Photograph by Bain News Service.

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1909-1923. “SOCIETY CIRCUS.” Photograph by Harris & Ewing.

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1909. “Henry Grube, costumed, Society Circus, Long Branch.” Photograph by Bain News Service.

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1890-1910. “Circus rings, Luna Park, Coney Island, N.Y.” Photograph by Detroit Publishing Co.

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1909. “The heart of the West End – Piccadilly Circus, Coventry St., in distance, London, England.” Photograph by H.C. White Co.

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1903. “Bostock’s trained lions.” Photograph by Hall.

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How to Batch-Rename Files in Mac OS X

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Batch-Renaming Files in a Sequence in Mac OS X

Keeping your photographic library neat and searchable is a time consuming but important chore. Renaming your files in Finder is a must for an organized computer filing system. The most useful step towards total file organization is batch-renaming files. This photography tutorial will use Apple’s Automator and the Finder to create a simple service-script to rename multiple files in an ordered sequence. Photography tutorials on Photistoric.

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Step 1: Automator Service

Open Automator. A pop-up will ask you to select a type for your document. Select Service.

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Step 2: Rename Finder Items

In the search bar begin typing Rename Finder Items. Click and drag Rename Finder Items into the right window pane.

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Step 3: Action Options

a. Delete the Copy Finder Items action
b. At the top of the right pane, select files or folders from the Service Receives Selected menu
c. At the top of the right pane, select Finder.app in the In menu
d. The action box will say Add Date or Time, change this action to Make Sequential
e. Check New Name in the Make Sequential action box
f. Check the Make All Numbers box and change to 3
g. Select the options tab at the bottom of the Make Sequential action box and select Show this action when the workflow runs

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Step 4

File > save the document and name it Batch Rename

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Step 5

a. Select all files to rename and press cmd & left-click or right-click on a mouse to show the context menu
b. The Batch Rename service will now appear at the bottom of the context menu
c. Click to initiate the batch-rename

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Step 6

a. Enter a new name such as year_event and all the files that have been selected will now be sequentially renamed

Conclusion

The Rename Finder Items action in Automator is the easiest and fastest way to batch-rename files in Mac OS X. This method can be applied to any type or number of files. Be sure to pick a file naming sequence such as date_event_name, and stick with it.

For other file questions, please post on the Digital Editing Forum. Requests and suggestions are encouraged for future tutorial topics and should be submitted to the Requests topic.

Baseball: The Greatest Game

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1921. “Old Timers base ball team, Cleveland Ohio’s 125th Anniversary, Dunn Field…” Photograph by Flowers, F. A.
21 Historic Photographs of Baseball: The Greatest Game

Since its inception in the 18th century, baseball has been an incredibly popular sport. Its stars have been revered, hated and loved by the media. In Japan, Puerto Rico and the United States in particular, baseball is inseparable from popular culture. Babe Ruth said “Baseball was, is and always will be to me the best game in the world.” Vintage Photographs on Photistoric.

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1910. “Mathewson of N.Y. Nat.” Photography by Paul Thompson.

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1939. “Anacostia High School, [Washington, D.C.], 1939, baseball team.” Unknown Photographer.

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1911. ” Edward Walsh, Chicago Americans.” Photograph by Paul Thompson.

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1908. “Cy Young, Boston AL, full-length portrait, standing, facing right, throwing baseball.” Unknown photographer.

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1911. “Davis, Phila. Am.” Photograph by Paul Thompson.

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1910. “Tinker of Chic. Nat.” Photograph by Paul Thompson.

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1911. “Huge crowd of baseball fans watching baseball scoreboard during World Series game in New York City.” Unknown Photographer.

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1911. “Grant, Phila. Nat.” Photograph by Paul Thompson.

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1914. “Boston rooters at Shibe Park, Philadelphia.” Unknown Photographer.”

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1911.”Magee, Phila. Nat.” Photograph by Paul Thompson.

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1914. “Shibe Park, Philadelphia.” Photograph by Bain News Service.

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1925. “Early fans at game, 10/10/25.” Unknown Photographer.

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1913. “1st base grandstand at Shibe Park, Philadelphia, 1913 World Series.” Photograph by Bain News Service.

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1925. “Early fans at game, 10/11/25.” Unknown Photographer.

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1910. “Lake of Bos. Nat.” Photograph by Paul Thompson.

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1911. “George Kahler, Cleveland AL, at Hilltop Park, NY.” Photograph by Bain News Service.

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1913. “Harry Lord, Chicago AL.” Photograph by Harris & Ewing.

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1908. “The Ball Team. Composed mainly of glass workers. Indiana. Aug. 1908. L.W.H.” Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine.

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1910. Oakes, St. Louis Nationals. Photograph by Paul Thompson.

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1919. “Babe Ruth, 1919.” Unknown Photographer.

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The Migrant

"Ex-tenant farmer on relief grant in the Imperial Valley, California." Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
“Ex-tenant farmer on relief grant in the Imperial Valley, California.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
23 Photographs from the Dust Bowl
More than 5,000 people died from the heatwave of 1936. It was the hottest summer on record. Those crops that hadn’t withered in the first half of the decade now failed. People collapsed from exhaustion in their homes. The summer of 1936 marked the most desperate point of a four year drought and a decade long economic depression that displaced 2.5 million people. This time came to be known as the Dust Bowl.
Unseasonable heavy rain in the years preceding 1930 convinced farmers that aggressive ploughing was acceptable, when in reality a very thin topsoil was only protected by a thin layer of grass. When precipitation did not materialize, the exposed soil quickly dried. High winds, which were not uncommon, were now able to pick up millions of pounds of dried soil and blow it in huge rolling black clouds. Towns were abandoned. The largest exodus of Americans occurred in the 1930’s as a result of this agricultural disaster. Poor and hungry, whole families traveled west for work.
The high-resolution photographs of migrant workers in this series show the men, women and children who lived during this troubled time. Among others, Dororthea Lange was hired by the Farm Security Administration to document the Dust Bowl. During this time, she created some of her most iconic images.
Out of a collection of thousands of photographs from the Library of Congress, the following portraits have been chosen for their emotion and technical quality.

Curated historic photography on Photistoric.

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1940. “Group of Florida migrants on their way to Cranberry, New Jersey, to pick potatoes. Near Shawboro, North Carolina.” Photograph by Jack Delano.
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1939. “Nebraska farmer come to pick peas. Near Calipatria, California.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
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1936. “Drought refguees from Oklahoma camping by the roadside. They hope to work in the cotton fields. The official at the border (California-Arizona) inspection service said that on this day, August 17, 1936, twenty-three car loads and truck loads of migrant families out of the drought counties of Oklahoma and Arkansas had passed throught that station entering California up to 3 o’clock in the afternoon.” Photo by Dorothea Lange.
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1936. “Occupants–one more home on wheels. California.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
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1939. “Arkansas girl in migrant camp near Greenfield, Salinas Valley, California. This is an Arkansawyers auto camp, filled almost completely with Arkansawyers recently in California. Rent ten dollars per month for one room, iron bed, electric light.” Photograph by Dorthea Lange.
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1939. “Grandmother of twenty-two children living in Kern County migrant camp. California.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
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1936. “Drought refugee from Polk, Missouri. Awaiting the opening of orange picking season at Porterville, California.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
1937. "A mother in California who with her husband and her two children will be returned to Oklahoma by the Relief Administration." This family had lost a two-year-old baby during the winter as a result of exposure. Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
1937. “A mother in California who with her husband and her two children will be returned to Oklahoma by the Relief Administration.” This family had lost a two-year-old baby during the winter as a result of exposure. Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
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1938. “Wife of a migratory laborer with three children. Near Childress, Texas. Nettie Featherston.” Photograph by Dororthea Lange.
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1939. “In a carrot pullers’ camp near Holtville, Imperial Valley, California. Woman from Broken Row, Oklahoma.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
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1939. “A migrant laborer waiting for work in one of the packing houses near Canal Point, Florida.” Photograph by Marion Post Wolcott.
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1940. “Migrant child, Berrien County, Michigan.” Photograph by John Vachon.
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1937. “Part of the family of a migrant fruit worker from Tennessee, camped near the packinghouse in Winter Haven, Florida.” Photograph by Arthur Rothstein.
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1938. “Migrant worker resting along roadside, Hancock County, Mississippi.” Photograph by Russell Lee.
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1939. “Child of migrant worker sitting on bed in tent home of cotton picking sacks, Harlingen, Texas.” Photograph by Russell Lee.
Daughter of migrant in doorway of trailer, Sebastin, Texas." Photograph by Russell Lee.
Daughter of migrant in doorway of trailer, Sebastin, Texas.” Photograph by Russell Lee.
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1937. “A migrant worker from Oklahoma. Deerfield, Florida.” Photograph by Arthur Rothstein.
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1936. “This man is a labor contractor in the pea fields of California. ‘One-Eye’ Charlie gives his views. ‘I’m making my living off of these people (migrant laborers) so I know the conditions.’ San Luis Obispo County, California.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
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1936. “Migrant agricultural worker’s family. Seven hungry children. Mother aged thirty-two. Father is native Californian. Nipomo, California.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
"Migrant shed worker. Northeast Florida." Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
“Migrant shed worker. Northeast Florida.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
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1936. “Migrant shed worker. Northeast Florida.” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
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1936. “Eighty year old woman living in squatters’ camp on the outskirts of Bakersfield, California. ‘If you lose your pluck you lose the most there is in you – all you’ve got to live with.'” Photograph by Dorothea Lange.

How to Remove Dust in Adobe Photoshop

Dust Removal Tutorial with Adobe Photoshop CS6. 1936. Taxicab driver along riverfront. Saint Louis, Missouri. Photograph by Arthur Rothseinin.
Final Image. Dust Removal Tutorial with Adobe Photoshop CS6.
1936. Taxicab driver along riverfront. Saint Louis, Missouri. Photograph by Arthur Rothseinin.
It’s often impossible to remove all the dust from family photos, lenses, historic images or negatives before scanning or taking the picture. Luckily, Adobe Photoshop has the post-processing tools to clean any image. This photography tutorial will explore the use of the Clone Stamp Tool and its options to effectively remove dust and scratches from any image without decreasing its quality.

Curated historic photography on Photistoric.

Step 1: Load the Image

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Load the file into Photoshop.
Step 2: Clone Stamp Tool

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In the Tools Panel select the Clone Stamp Tool.
Step 3: Clone Stamp Tool Options

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The settings for the Clone Stamp tool can be found in the upper left corner of the window in the Options Panel. Set the hardness to 0% and the size to a diameter that will just fit around the dust specs. Alternatively, the stamp size can be made bigger with the close bracket ] key and smaller with the open bracket [ key.
Step 4: Clone Tool Sampling
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First, Identify areas of dust. To begin using the Clone Stamp Tool, sample a dust-free area by holding alt and left-clicking. Crosshairs will appear while holding alt. The Clone Stamp Tool works by duplicating a circular area and blurring the edges. When removing dust, the tool essentially just pastes a small part of the picture without the dust, over the area with the dust. For the best results, sample from a dust-free area very close to the area that needs to be repaired without overlapping it. You will want to match the tone and gradient if possible. You can continue to clone other dust specs from the same sample area, but it is recommended that you sample in different areas so that obvious visual repetition does not occur.
Step 6: Covering Hairs

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For strings of dust or hair, sample above or below with the Clone Stamp Tool, then click and drag across the dust string.
Alternative Methods of Removing Dust
There are other methods of dust and scratch removal in Adobe Photoshop. Many of them apply a blanket filter that softens the image, and wipes away film grain and other details along with the dust and scratches. These filter methods can be further refined for minimal damage to the non-dusty areas, but the Clone Stamp Tool method outlined in this tutorial will ensure a localized treatment that maintains the integrity of the image.
Conclusion
Once the basics of the Clone Stamp tool are understood, removing dust from photographs is simple. Continue using the clone stamp tool to remove as much dust as desired. Use the same process for dirt, blemishes or other imperfections and impurities. This method can be time consuming, and exhaustively removing every speck can be nearly impossible. A little dust here and there, in the opinion of Photistoric, will not take away from the quality and emotion of an image.

For other dust removal methods or questions, please post on the Film & Negative topic of the Photistoric Forum. Requests and suggestions are encouraged for future tutorial topics and should be submitted to the Requests topic.

Internment at Manzanar

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1943. “Tom Kobayashi, landscape, south fields, Manzanar Relocation Center.” Photograph by Ansel Adams
16 Ansel Adams’ Photographs of the Shameful Internment of Japanese-Americans during WWII.

On February 19th, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. This order led to forced internment of 110,000 Japenese-Americans and Americans of Japanese descent following the bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on December 7th, 1942. 80,000 of those interned were born in the United States and held United States citizenship. A report by the Carter Administration in 1983 acknowledged that the internment was “race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership.” Fuelled by outrage at the Pearl Harbor attacks and media neurosis, public sentiment favored the internment. Henry McLemore, a columnist during the time wrote:

“I am for immediate removal of every Japanese on the West Coast to a point deep in the interior. I don’t mean a nice part of the interior either. Herd ’em up, pack ’em off and give ’em the inside room in the badlands. Let ’em be pinched, hurt, hungry and dead up against it …”

In 1943, the American photographer Ansel Adams traveled to the Manzanar Relocation Center. According the National Park Service, the Manzanar camp had a “peak [population] of 10,046 in September 1942. When gifting the photographs to the Library of Congress Adams wrote:

“All in all, I think this Manzanar Collection is an important historical document, and I trust it can be put to good use…The purpose of my work was to show how these people, suffering under a great injustice, and loss of property, businesses and professions, had overcome the sense of defeat and despair by building for themselves a vital community in an arid (but magnificent) environment.”

Vintage Photographs on Photistoric.

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1943. “C.T. Hibino, artist, Manzanar Relocation Center.” Photograph by Ansel Adams

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1943.”Manzanar street scene, winter, Manzanar Relocation Center.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Line crew at work in Manzanar.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Kay Kageyama.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “High school recess period, Manzanar Relocation Center, California.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Mrs. Kay Kageyama.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Farm, farm workers, Mt. Williamson in background, Manzanar Relocation Center, California.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Entrance, Catholic chapel (V), Manzanar Relocation Center, California.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Loading bus, leaving Manzanar for relocation, Manzanar Relocation Center, California.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Birds on wire, evening, Manzanar Relocation Center.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Benji Iguchi driving tractor, Manzanar Relocation Center, California.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Miss Tetsuko Murakami.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Sam Bozono (Policeman).” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Cattle in south farm, Manzanar Relocation Center, California.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.

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1943. “Roy Takeno reading paper in front of office.” Photograph by Ansel Adams.