Timothy O’Sullivan is best known for his haunting battlefield images of the American Civil War, but after the war O’Sullivan continued his rich and lasting photography career. O’Sullivan joined the United States Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel in 1867. From 1871 to 1874 he took part in a survey west of the 100th meridian. O’Sullivan’s photographs of the Southwest were used to recruit settlers, but more importantly they provide a glimpse into the lives of the Southwestern American Indian tribes, and a peek into pre-industrialized western landscapes.

The following animated gif wigglegrams were created from scans of original stereographs from O’Sullivan’s photographs using the New York Public Library’s Stereogranimator website (created by Joshua Heineman).

From the New York Public Library.

 


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1893. “The zoopraxiscope–Horse galloping.” Color Lithograph. Print by Eadweard Muybridge.

4 Animated GIFs of Phenakistoscopes by Eadweard Muybridge

In 1879 Eadweard Muybridge invented the first movie projector. Earlier iterations of a spinning sequence of images had come before, but no one had thought to project them through glass and onto a wall. He called his invention the Zoopraxiscope. By combining photography, the magic lantern and the Phenakistoscope, Muybridge was able to project a moving image for an audience of people. Before this eureka moment, Muybridge was creating his own Phenakistoscopes. The Phenakistoscopes seen on this page would produce an illusion of motion when the user spun the disc, and looked through the moving slits at the disc’s reflection in a mirror. These lithographic prints were modeled from Muybridge’s more well known photographic motion studies. These discs represent another phase in Muybridge’s lifelong quest to understand motion and time. Vintage prints on Photistoric.

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1893. “The zoopraxiscope–Athletes–Boxing.” Color Lithograph. Print by Eadweard Muybridge.


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1893. “The zoopraxiscope – a couple waltzing.” Color Lithograph. Print by Eadweard Muybridge.


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1893. “The zoopraxiscope – a horse back somersault.” Color Lithograph. Print by Eadweard Muybridge.